The modern belief of the term ‘Retaliation’ is when employers treat applicants, employees or former employees, or people closely associated with them less favourably for reporting discrimination, participating in racism, or opposing discrimination. But in history, the term retaliation has different meaning and purposes. The most common purpose was always and still ‘to seek revenge’. According to Melissa Hogenboom of BBC, revenge has been part of human behaviour since the time of human existence on earth. Literature has used it throughout history, from Greek tragedies such as Aeschylus’ Oresteia trilogy where Orestes wants to murder his mother to avenge his father to Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Many of us have no doubt imagined vengeance against those who have wronged us or even lashed out at them. At the moment, it can certainly feel beneficial to do so. But what motivates us to seek revenge in the first place? Continue reading “World History Series Documentaries: The Crusades – Episode 04: The Retaliation”
I still remember my teacher always emphasized me to know both sides of any issue before jumping to any conclusions, especially dealing with emotions and beliefs. By hearing only one side of a story, a person may not get the whole picture of what had happened. Majority of the times, people view events through their own lens. People may exaggerate the facts or ignore some of the details to benefit their side of the story. Facts can only be confirmed when its investigated thoroughly through multiple lenses. Only then, a proper conclusion can benefit an individual or a society. Unfortunately, history is full of such events where people and communities make critical decisions based on incomplete information, leaving a lifelong scar on the face of humanity. Continue reading “World History Series Documentaries: The Crusades – Episode 02: Where It All Begins”
Have you ever wondered why we study history in our schools, or what importance does history have in our present lives? The majority of you might answer, explore the impacts of the past on our current lives, or know the various foundations of our present identity. All these answers make perfect sense, but what if I tell you that studying history might have changed the way we see things in our current time? History allows us to observe and understand how people and societies behaved. It shows us how change happened in the past and how these changes impacted the communities later-on. Our present is one of these impacts. Continue reading “World History Series Documentaries: The Crusades – Episode 01: The Origins”
A Persian Muslim scholar Muḥammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, also known as ‘Algoritimi’ in Latin, produced works in mathematics, astronomy, and geography under the patronage of Abbasid Caliph Al-Ma’mun in 9th C.E.
Ibn Khaldun was a leading Muslim historiographer and historian. He is widely recognised as a pioneer of the modern disciplines of historiography, sociology and economics. He is best known for his book, the al-Muqaddima (The Introduction).