When a teacher entered in a differentiated classroom, they need to make sure that their lesson should be according to their students’ learning styles and provide a healthy and safe learning environment. Teachers have to cope with all students learning needs and difficulties, and one of the learning difficulties which is now becoming common in classrooms is Dyslexia. Many people termed dyslexia as a learning ‘disability’. However, I don’t agree with this elaboration because Dyslexia causes difficulty with reading. It may also impact comprehension ability, math, spelling and writing proficiency in children. Dyslexia is a problem with language, not with vision. Students who are having such difficulties are physically active as other children. It is dyslexic students need extra help typically emphases on phonics and spelling rules. It is unfortunate that students despite having extra care and attention, having a hard time reading.
According to NSF, researchers believe that dyslexia can be eliminated from the brain. Dr Jason Yeatman state that although dyslexia is often considered permanent, however, research shows that targeted, intensive instruction leads to ‘substantial’ improvements in reading skills. It also changes the ‘underlying wiring of the brain’s reading circuitry’. The most important brain-engineers who can help with proper instructional strategy are – Teachers.
Teachers with proper teaching and instructional strategy can help reduce dyslexic students reading difficulties.
Following are some teaching tips for dyslexia
- More appreciation, less criticism
Dyslexic students need affection and encouragement especially from those whom they inspire; teachers are one of them. Recognition helps maintain students’ self-confidence and learn to overcome their difficulties.
- Avoid asking the dyslexic student to read aloud
Dyslexic students primary difficulty is reading, because of its words hardly recognisable to them. Read aloud may cause embarrassment to them as they hardly pronounce or read correctly in front of the classroom.
- Avoid Punishment if Dyslexic student forget anything
Offer positive strategies such as having one place to put things away.
- Avoid using phrases like ‘idle mind.’
Dyslexic students need to work harder to yield a smaller quantity. They will have trouble staying attentive when reading, writing or listening.
- Make prints of homework instead of asking them to write in a diary
Make individual homework printouts with labelled steps, e.g. 1. Do this. 2. Do that etc.
- Allow them to typed their home task
Doing a home task in a written format can be torture for dyslexic students. Allow them to use the Spell checker and help with grammar and punctuation so that you can see the quality of the content.
- Allow them to answer any question verbally
Dyslexic students may demonstrate their understanding with a verbal answer but are incapable of putting those ideas in writing.